Every dog parent wants their dogs healthy and disease free at all times. That’s why we are very keen to notice whenever they exhibit unusual behaviors and symptoms.
As they say, an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure.
Urinary infections and diseases are prevalent in dogs; it affects all dogs regardless of age, gender, or breed.
Here are some of the most common urinary diseases affecting our furry friends as well as their signs and symptoms to help us detect the possibility of our dogs being affected:
1. Urinary Track Infection (UTI)
Urinary Tract Infection in dogs can affect their upper of lower urinary tracts. Upper UTI affects the kidneys and the ureters, while lower UTI affects the urethra and the bladder.
This infection is commonly caused by Streptococcus species and E.coli bacteria. Endocrine diseases and injury can also increase their risk of being infected.
The most common signs of UTI in dogs include but not limited to; cloudy urine sometimes with the presence of blood, increase in amount and frequency of urination, discomfort when peeing, vomiting, and back pain.
2. Kidney Infection
Kidney infections are also common in dogs especially those who have weakened immune systems. Their low immunity makes them more vulnerable to bacterial infections, the presence of these infections affects the ability of the kidney to filter waste products in the blood.
Inflamed kidney infection or Pyelonephritis can include signs such as blood in urine, a decrease in volume of urine, vomiting, sudden weight loss due to reduced appetite, lethargy, pale gums, and foul breath.
3. Cushing’s Disease
Cushing’s disease or Hyperadrenocorticism is a disease due to the excessive amount of the hormone cortisol by the adrenal gland.
They can affect dogs of any age but are most common in old dogs. It can be tricky to diagnose but some of the most common symptoms includes; enlarged abdomens, extreme hunger/thirst, increase in frequency and volume of urination, and a decrease in bone and muscle mass.
Incontinence in dogs can be caused by a number of possible reasons.
Incontinence is mainly caused by weak urinary muscle sphincter causing uncontrolled urination or for urine to leak out. Other causes include spinal cord illnesses, UTI, drug reactions, or hormone imbalance.
Signs include urinating in bed or other parts of the house, and redness and tenderness of the area around the genitalia. This can affect dogs of any age but are most common to middle-aged and senior dogs.
5. Prostate Gland Disease
Obviously, this disease only affects male dogs usually adult or senior ones. Common signs and symptoms include; bloody urine and seminal fluid, difficulty peeing or defecating, ribbon-shaped stools, low appetite, and abdominal pain.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is actually a metabolism disorder wherein the glucose in the body of dogs are not properly metabolized because of either low insulin production or the insulin unable to do its job.
Signs include increased appetite but accompanied by rapid weight loss, increased urination, increased thirst, lethargy, UTI and even Kidney failure.